National Game Registry: Sinclair ZX Spectrum

United States Library of Congress

ZX Spectrum

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ZX Spectrum
image: Old Computers

ZX Spectrum 128
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ZX Spectrum +3
image: Old Computers

This article features the best games released for the Sinclair ZX Spectrum as selected by the National Game Preservation Board and recommended for permanent preservation by the United States Library of Congress National Game Registry.

System: ZX Spectrum
Manufacturer: Sinclair Research
Debut: 1982
Nation of origin: United Kingdom

Sinclair’s ZX Spectrum debut took the British market by storm, competing with Commodore, Acorn and Amstrad for market dominance.  Such was the system’s influence that the company’s founder was knighted by the Queen.  The ZX Spectrum features graphics that instantly recognizable, for better or worse.  Most games are essentially monochrome, with sprites distinguished from backgrounds courtesy of bold outlines.  After several years of success, the Spectrum was taken over by competitor Amstrad, which released updated versions with memory upgrades and built-in disk drives.  The Spectrum’s library includes arcade conversions, ports of popular multi-platform games, and many original games, in particular isometric adventure games.  Inductees include:

Pitfall II: Lost Caverns (1983)

REFERENCES AND ADDITIONAL INFO

Emulation: National Game Registry recommends ZX32 for ZX Spectrum emulation on home computers.

Visit the National Game Registry to view more inductees.

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