National Game Registry: MSX

United States Library of Congress

MSX

image: Retro Euskal

MSX

image: Old Computers

MSX2+

image: Old Computers

MSX2 Turbo R

image: Old Computers

This article features the best games released for the MSX as selected by the National Game Preservation Board and recommended for permanent preservation by the United States Library of Congress National Game Registry.

System: MSX series
Manufacturer: Sony, Panasonic, Canon, Goldstar, Philips, Spectravideo, Sanyo, Mitsubishi, Toshiba, Hitachi, Casio, Pioneer, Fujitsu, Yamaha, Kyocera, Samsung, Daewoo, Gradiente, Sharp, Samsung, JVC
Developer: ASCII
Debut: 1983
Nation of origin: Japan

The MSX was a joint effort that attempted to create a home computer standard during an era when many different models and systems were available.  ASCII designed the machine, Microsoft provided the operating system as a partner (and not just as a contractor), and the whole thing was licensed out to several manufacturers, including but not limited to Sony, Canon and Panasonic.  The system was released in 1983 and was a strong success in Japan and earned some market share in continental Europe and South America.  One of MSX’s strengths was a simple design with common components; except for the audio processor, the computer was internally identical to both the Colecovision and SEGA’s SG-1000. A second model, the MSX2, was released in 1985, featuring similar hardware but greatly improved graphics, leading to renewed interest from game developers. Microsoft pulled out of the project in 1986, and ASCII forged ahead. The MSX series failed to keep up with the evolving market and other companies reclaimed its share. A last-gasp update, the MSX Turbo R, debuted in 1991 before the series was discontinued. Inducted MSX games include:

Pitfall!
Pitfall II: Lost Caverns

REFERENCES AND ADDITIONAL INFO

Emulation: National Game Registry recommends NLMSX for MSX emulation on home computers.

Visit the National Game Registry to view more inductees.

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